Fisheries conservation in Myanmar

The conservation status of fish in Myanmar is poorly understood. Most species that have been assessed are widespread marine species. There are two fish species that are listed as Critically Endangered. The Irrawaddy River Shark Glyphis siamensis is possibly extinct it is only known from a single specimen collected in 1896 near Yangon (Barnett et al. 2009). The other species is Toli Shad Tenualosa toli, which is a more widespread, but heavily harvested estuarine species found across the Bay of Bengal.

Three other species are listed as Endangered. These are Hilsa Shad Tenualosa ilisha, Indian Threadfin Polynemus indicus, and Four-finger Threadfin Eleutheronema tetradactylum. Each of these species is heavily harvested for food along the coasts of Myanmar in addition they have probably suffered due to loss of habitat, P. indicus in particular is found in seagrass beds which have been severely disturbed along the Myanmar coast. E. tetradactylum is also at risk of accumulated pollutants from its primarily crustacean diet. There are over 100 fish species listed as vulnerable many of them are species of sharks. Most species of shark are threatened by intensive fishing pressure for fins and meat. The Department of Fisheries has made a special effort to create marine protected areas primarily to conserve sharks.

Allen et al. (2010) in their status assessment of freshwater biodiversity in the eastern Himalayas highlight that much of the Ayeyawady Basin is species rich but still poorly known with numerous species still considered Data Deficient for threat assessments.

Threatened fish species in Myanmar

Scientific Name Common name Status
Schizothorax grahami, Kunming Snout Trout CR
Tenualosa toli Toli shad CR
Glyphis siamensis Irrawaddy river shark CR
Tenualosa ilisha Hilsa shad EN
Polynemus indicus Indian threadfin EN
Eleutheronema tetradactylum Four finger threadfin EN
Upeneus sulphureus Sulphur/Yellow goatfish VU
Upeneus moluccensis Gold band goat fish VU
Trichiurus lepturus Largehead hairtail VU
Thunnus tonggol Long tail tuna VU
Thunnus albacares Yellow fin tuna VU
Thryssa mystax Moustached thryssa VU
Stolephorus commersonii Commerson’s anchovy VU
Sphyrna zygema Round headed hammer head shark VU
Sphyrna mokarran Great hammerhead VU
Sphyrna lewini Scalloped hammerhead VU
Sphyrna blochii Arrow headed hammer head shark VU
Sillago sihama Silver sillago VU
Sillaginopsis panijus Flatheaded sillago VU
Shyraena barracuda Great barracuda VU
Scomberomorus guttatus Indo-Pacific Spanish mackerel VU
Scomberomorus commerson Narrow barred Spanish mackerel VU
Scomberoides commersonianus Talang queen fish VU
Scoliodon laticaudus Spadenose shark VU
Saurida undosquamis Brushtooth lizardfish VU
Saurida tumbil Greater lizardfish VU
Sardinella gibbosa Gold stripe sardinella VU
Rhynchobatus djeddensia White spotted guitar fish VU
Rhizoprionodon oligolinx Gray sharpnose shark VU
Rhizoprionodon acutus Milk shark VU
Rhincodon typus Whale shark VU
Rastrelliger kanagurta Indian mackerel VU
Rastrelliger brachysoma Short bodied mackerel VU
Pterotolithus maculatus Blotched tiger toothed croaker VU
Psettodes erumei Indian halibut VU
Protonibea diacanthus Spotted croaker VU
Pristis zijson Green saw fish VU
Pristis microdon Small tooth saw fish VU
Pristis cuspidatus Pointed saw fish VU
Pomadasys kaakan Javelin/Grunter VU
Polynemus paradiseus Paradise fish/Mango fish VU
Pennahia anea Donkey croaker VU
Pampus chinensis Chinese pomfret VU
Pampus argenteus Silver pomfret VU
Otolithoides biauritus Broozed croaker VU
Otolithes ruber Tiger tooth croaker VU
Osteogeniosus militeris Soldier sea catfish VU
Nemipterus nematophorus Double whip threadfin bream VU
Nemipterus japonicus Japanese threadfin bream VU
Megalapsis cordyla Torpedo/Hard tail scad VU
Lutjanus russelli Russell’s snapper VU
Lutjanus malabaricus Malabar blood snapper VU
Lutjanus johnii John’s snapper VU
Lutjanus bohar Two spot redsnapper VU
Loxodon macrorhinus Sliteye shark VU
Lethrinus ornatus Ornate emperor VU
Lethrinus lentjan Redspot emperor VU
Lepturacanthus savala Small head hairtail VU
Leiognathus equulus Common pony fish VU
Lehtrius nebolosus Pig face emperor VU
Lates calcalifer Barramundi / giant sea bass VU
Lactarius lactarius False trevally / White milky fish VU
Katsuwonus pelamis Skipjack tuna VU
Johnius belangerii Belanger’s croaker VU
Johnius amblycephalus Bearded croaker VU
Ilisha megaloptera Bigeye ilisha VU
Harpadon nehereus Bombay duck VU
Glyphis gangetis Ganges shark VU
Galeocerdo cuvier Tiger shark VU
Formio niger Black pomfret VU
Euthynnus affinis Eastern little tuna VU
Eusphyra blochii Winghead shark VU
Epinephalus areolatus Areolated grouper VU
Dussumieria acuta Rainbow sardine VU
Drepane punctata Spotted sickle VU
Dasyatis uarnak Banded whip tail stingray VU
Dasyatis sephen Cow tail sting ray VU
Dasyatis kuhlii Blue spotted sting ray VU
Dasyatis bleekeri Bleeker’s sting ray VU
Cyoglossus lingua Tongue sole VU
Cromileptes activelis Hump back sea bass VU
Congresox talabonoides Indian pike conger VU
Congresox talabon Yellow pike conger VU
Coilia dussumeria Gold spotted grenadier anchovy VU
Chrysochir aureus Reeve’s croaker VU
Chirocentrus dorab Dorab wolf herring VU
Chioscyillium griseum Ray bambooshark VU
Chioscyillium punctatum Brownbanded bamboo shark VU
Chaenogaleus macrostoma Hooktooth shark VU
Carcharhinus sorroh Grey shark VU
Carcharhinus sorrah Spottail shark VU
Carcharhinus sealei Shark VU
Carcharhinus plumbeus Sandbar shark VU
Carcharhinus parasorroh Blue shark VU
Carcharhinus minisorrah Grey fin shark VU
Carcharhinus melanopterus Blacktip reef shark VU
Carcharhinus limbatus Brown shark VU
Carcharhinus leucas Bull shark VU
Carcharhinus dussumieri Whitecheek shark VU
Carcharhinus brivipinna Spinner shark VU
Carcharhinus borneensis Borneo shark VU
Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides Graceful shark VU
Carcharhinus falciformis Silky shark VU
Carcharhinus albimarginatus Silvertip shark VU
Carangiodes malabaricus Malabar’s cavalla VU
Bahaba taipingensis Chinese bahaba VU
Auxis thazard Frigate mackerel VU
Arius bilineatus Twoline sea catfish VU
Anodontostoma chacunda Chacunda gizzard shad VU
Aetobatis nichofi Bull ray VU
Aetobatis narinari Spotted eagle ray VU
Stegostoma fasciatus Zebra shark
Scoliodon walbeehmi Milk shark
Scoliodon sorrakowah Yellow dog fish
Rhinoptera javanica Javanese cow ray
Rhina ancyclostoma Bow mouth guitar fish
Narcine timlei Electric ray
Mobula diabolus Lesser devil ray
Haploblepharus edwardsi Dog fish
Gymnura micrura Short tail butterfly ray
Atelomyceterus marmoratus Marble cat shark
Amphostitius zugei Stellate sting ray
By | 2017-05-19T09:58:13+00:00 January 12th, 2014|Wildlife, Fishes|0 Comments

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