OIKOS has been operating in Myanmar since 2006, with the aim of improving the conservation of natural resources and strengthening the technical skills of local NGOs.
Myanmar is a country where natural resources are still well-conserved, biodiversity is high and forests cover almost half the national territory. As natural areas are progressively being destroyed under different types of human pressure, it is becoming increasingly urgent to maintain and improve the condition and management of protected areas. The protected areas system is essential to continue providing environmental services at community and national level, to prevent climate change and biodiversity loss and to protect their key role within the country’s culture, spiritual life and historical traditions. Understanding the intrinsic value of Myanmar protected areas is crucial to effectively redefine and improve existing management practices.
The current environmental protection framework shows critical legal and institutional constraints, including very sector-specific laws that often go beyond the technical and financial ability of the relevant government agencies.
The future success of environmental protection in Myanmar depends on the formulation of policies that reflect a more integrated approach to the management of resources, as well as on the improved coordination between stakeholders and the allocation of the necessary resources for policy implementation.