Marine Spatial Planning Strategy 2017-06-19T17:29:34+00:00

Project Description

Marine Spatial Planning Strategy

To download the English language Marine Spatial Planning Strategy click here.

To download the Myanmar language Marine Spatial Planning Strategy click here.

Myanmar is the largest country in mainland Southeast Asia with a long coastline and a large marine territory covering about 486,000 km2, the majority of which is unprotected and lacks management. At the same time, Myanmar’s marine resources are increasingly being accessed and impacted by a wide range of stakeholders with growing influences. The country is rapidly opening up to increased coastal and marine investments. For example, the oil and gas sector is actively exploring Myanmar’s waters, deep seaports are under construction, and new markets for inshore and offshore marine resources are emerging with significant potential influences on fishers’ livelihoods and marine ecosystem health.

As such, there is an urgent need to have a clearer understanding of the influences and interactions of these and other marine-related activities across Myanmar’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and plan for development sustainably.

Marine spatial planning (MSP) assists with the identification and analysis of current and potential future conflicts through multi-sectoral stakeholder dialogue. This public process typically involves merging decision support science with participatory planning processes. The approach can provide solutions and help to direct policy and allocate human activities through appropriate management mechanisms (e.g. marine protected areas, coastal co-management areas, industrial development areas, allotments for tourism development, and fishery zones) in the ocean space spatially and temporally to achieve ecological, economic, and social benefits.
In South-east Asia, seven out of the eleven countries have started to use MSP processes to better plan and ultimately manage their marine space.  However, Myanmar has yet to initiative such a process.  To help understand how Myanmar might implement a MSP process, WCS conducted an initial scoping exercise to aid in the long-term planning for marine conservation and development. This strategy is the result of a 6-month scoping process incorporating stakeholder consultations and analysis, data identification and gap analysis.  The stakeholders consulted were organizations who have a vested interest in the use of Myanmar’s marine space. They included various ministries within the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (GOM) and their line departments, regional bodies, non-governmental organizations – both local and international, research institutes and the private sector.

Building on the GOM’s socioeconomic, biodiversity, forestry and tourism frameworks as part of its National Comprehensive Development Plan, this strategy sets out a five-year roadmap that sets the foundations for developing a national MSP process. This in turn will play a part in securing the irreplaceable natural, social, and financial capital supported by oceans and coasts through a Sustainable Marine Economy for Myanmar.

See also the Myanmar Marine Biodiversity Atlas

Project Details