Distribution records and conservation status of the Burmese Black Giant Tortoise 2018-10-18T14:28:51+00:00

Project Description

Distribution records and conservation status of the Burmese Black Giant Tortoise (Manouria emys phayrei
Blyth 1853) in western Myanmar

Steven G. Platt, Kalyar Platt, Khin Myo Myo, Me Me Soe and Thomas R. Rainwater

Steven Platt holding shall of Giant Burmese Black Giant Tortoise

The Burmese Black Giant Tortoise (Manouria emysphayrei) is the largest tortoise in Asia (carapace length [CL] to 600 mm and body mass to 37 kg), occurring from eastern Assam (India) and Bangladesh, eastward into Myanmar and western Thailand, and southwards to the Surat Gap near the Thailand-Malaysia border (Stanford et al., 2015). Manouria emys phayrei (hereafter Manouria emys) is considered Endangered by the IUCN (provisionally reassessed as Critically Endangered in 2011) owing to widespread poaching for commercial markets in southern China, chronic subsistence harvesting, and habitat loss (Stanford et al., 2015). In common with most range countries, the distribution and conservation status of M. emys in Myanmar remain poorly known (Stanford et al., 2015). Historic records are available from the Arakan (now Rakhine) Hills, Moulmein (now Mawlamyaing), southern Tennasserim
(now Tanintharyi), and Kachin State (Theobald, 1876; Iverson, 1992). More recently, we documented the
occurrence of M. emys in the lowlands along the eastern base of the Rakhine Hills (Platt et al., 2001), and in
the central Rakhine Hills (Platt et al., 2007). We here present two additional records of M. emys from western
Myanmar, comment on its conservation status within this region, and provide conservation recommendations.

Download here Manouria emys in Western Myanmar (2018)

Project Details